All INZPiRO psychotherapists are subject to regular supervision conducted by certified supervisors from major psychotherapeutic societies.
Here are some types of psychotherapy conducted in INZPiRO:
- psychoanalytic psychotherapy,
- behavioural psychotherapy.
Psychoanalytic psychotherapy is a method of treating mental health problems, with the origin in psychoanalysis and based on the same theoretical assumptions as the concept developed by Sigmund Freud. In practice, psychoanalytic psychotherapy differs from psychoanalysis in patient’s sitting position (in psychoanalysis, a patient lies on a couch), and usually in lower frequency of sessions per week: 2-3 sessions (psychoanalysis: 4-5 sessions per week). An essential assumption in psychoanalytic psychotherapy is the existence of the unconscious (unconscious conflicts, thoughts, feelings or mechanisms) and the analysis of so-called transference that means relationship between a therapist and a patient, which is supposed to lead to understanding of interpersonal and intrapersonal difficulties of the patient and to working them through. An important part of psychoanalytic work is reaching the childhood and early relationships with persons important for the patient (mainly parents, siblings), which allows to understand contemporary problems deeper and put them in a broader context. The basic idea of psychoanalytic psychotherapy is studying of the functioning of one’s own mind and gradual deepening of understanding oneself. This therapy does not provide ready answers or solutions, rather helps to reach these solutions on one’s own, by understanding the essence of the difficulties that hinder the human development. Psychoanalytic psychotherapy is a therapy for people who are curious about themselves and who are motivated for long-term, deep work on themselves.
The cognitive-behavioural concept attributes a special role to thoughts and actions. Man is seen as an independent entity, which processes messages incoming from the environment and produces an appropriate response. Cognitive-behavioural psychotherapy focuses primarily on diagnosis and on changing dysfunctional beliefs and behaviors that hinder everyday functioning. At the beginning, one problem is set, which will be the object of the therapy. A therapist teaches a patient about specific procedures and thus after a while the patient becomes a therapist for herself/himself. The patient does some homework that is an extension for education, which takes place in therapy. behavioural experiments are also of important role; they aim to collect data on oneself and the world or to exercise new skills in practice. Cognitive-behavioural psychotherapy has a clear structure and is aimed at a specific purpose. Usually, it is a short-term psychotherapy.